People who want to be tested for diabetes first need to consult a diabetologist. The doctor will usually want to know the person's medical history and might order blood tests to measure blood sugar. Some of the tests for diabetes are:
Fasting plasma glucose test (FPG)
This test is done on an empty stomach and measures how much sugar is in your blood. If the result is less than 100 mg/dL, it is normal. A result between 100 and 125 mg/dL means you have prediabetes, and a result of 126 mg/dL or more means you have diabetes.
A1C test of haemoglobin A1c
This test measures the level of glucose that is stuck to the hemoglobin in your red blood cells over the last 3 months. The hemoglobin A1C test does not require you to fast. If the result is less than 5.7%, it is considered normal, between 5.7% and 6.4% is prediabetes.
Blood glucose limits are more stringent in persons with diabetes than in most other groups. The OGTT is a blood test performed to check how effectively the body senses and responds to sugar.
The OGTT test measures blood sugar levels. For this test, you will have to fast overnight. The blood will be taken after drinking a glucose-containing liquid. The blood will be tested one, two, and three hours later. If the result is less than 140 mg/dL, it is considered normal.
What happens if the blood sugar level drops?
If blood sugar levels are not managed, a person can die. It is therefore important to consult Kolkata diabetologists for advice on how to manage blood sugar levels.
Diabetes and its conditions in Children
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can occur in children. Type 1 diabetes often starts when a person is a child. One of the primary symptoms is frequent urination. Hunger, fatigue and extreme thirst are some other indications of type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is a disease that can lead to high blood sugar and dehydration. This type of diabetes usually starts in childhood. Type 2 diabetes is rare in children, but it is becoming more common because more children are getting obese or overweight. To help manage diabetes in children, it is important for them to exercise and eat healthy foods.